[1]杨素华,陆顺忠,邱米,等.高含量邻伞花烃樟树精油成分分析[J].林业工程学报,2018,3(01):49-53.[doi:10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.2018.01.009]
 YANG Suhua,LU Shunzhong,QIU Mi,et al.Analysis on components of high content o-cymene from Cinnamomum camphora essential oil[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2018,3(01):49-53.[doi:10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.2018.01.009]
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高含量邻伞花烃樟树精油成分分析()
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《林业工程学报》[ISSN:1001-8081/CN:32-1160/S]

卷:
3
期数:
2018年01期
页码:
49-53
栏目:
林产化学加工
出版日期:
2018-01-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis on components of high content o-cymene from Cinnamomum camphora essential oil
文章编号:
2096-1359(2018)01-0049-05
作者:
杨素华陆顺忠邱米罗玉芬
广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院,南宁 530002
Author(s):
YANG Suhua LU Shunzhong QIU Mi LUO Yufen
Guangxi Academy of Forestry, Nanning 530002, China
关键词:
樟树 精油 成分分析 邻伞花烃
Keywords:
Cinnamomum camphora essential oil component analysis o-cymene
分类号:
TQ651.2
DOI:
10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.2018.01.009
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
以广西樟科樟属樟树为研究对象,采用水蒸气蒸馏法从樟树枝、叶中提取精油,测定其含油率,并利用气相色谱仪和气-质联用仪对精油进行分析。结果表明,樟树枝、叶的平均得油率分别为0.28%,0.67%; 从枝、叶精油中共鉴定出相对质量分数≥0.27%组分39种; 枝、叶精油共有组分19种,含量较高的组分有α-蒎烯、月桂烯、α-水芹烯、邻伞花烃、芳樟醇、龙脑、4-松油醇、α-松油醇、橙花叔醇、石竹烯氧化物、葎草烯氧化物等; 枝和叶精油中相对质量分数高于2%的成分分别有11种和9种,占精油总量的78.35%和83.45%,其中枝、叶精油相对质量分数最高的前3种分别为1,8-桉叶油素、邻伞花烃、α-松油醇和邻伞花烃、β-花柏烯、香芹酚,相对质量分数分别为24.69%,19.94%,7.68%和41.97%,11.40%,7.23%; 枝精油的主导成分为1,8-桉叶油素,相对质量分数为24.69%,叶精油的主导成分为邻伞花烃,相对质量分数高达41.97%。研究表明,该品种樟树叶精油中有含量较高的邻伞花烃,对精油成分进行分析,可为樟树的开发利用和培育提供参考。
Abstract:
Camphor tree(Cinnamomum camphora)is used to prepare materials, oil, medicine, spices, etc. The essential oils are rich in eucalyptol, linalool, terpineol, bornanone, endo-borneol, isonerolidol and other compounds. According to the types and contents of the main components in leaves, essential oils can be subdivided into five types: linalool, cineol, camphor, endo-borneol and isonerolidol. In this paper, we selected C. camphora from Zhuang Autonomous Region of Guangxi as the research object. Essential oils were extracted from leaves and branches by steam distillation, and the oil contents were measured. The essential oils were determined by gas chromatograph and gas chromatograph-mass. The results showed that the average yield of oils from branches and leaves were 0.28% and 0.67%, respectively, and 39 chemical components with relative contents ≥0.27% were identified, 19 of which were components common in branches and leaves. The major components were α-pinene, myrcene, α-phellandrene,o-cymene, linalool, endo-borneol, 4-carvomenthenol, α-terpineol, nerolidol, caryophyllene oxide, humulene oxide etc. Eleven components in branch essential oil and nine components in leaf essential oil were found with relative content higher than 2%. They account for 78.35% and 83.45% of the total essential oil, respectively. The top three components in terms of relative content for branches and leaves were eucalyptol, o-cymene, α-terpineol and o-cymene, β-chamigrene, carvacrol, respectively, and their relative contents were 24.69%,19.94%,7.68% and 41.97%, 11.40% and 7.23%, respectively. The main component of branch essential oil was eucalyptol, and its content was 24.69%; the main component in the leaf essential oil was o-cymene, and its content was 41.97%. The essential oil in the leaves contained high content of o-cymene, therefore, the composition analysis of essential oil has reference value for the exploitation and cultivation of C. camphora.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-05-09 修回日期:2017-07-21
基金项目:广西林业科技项目(桂林科字[2016]第6号); 广西科学技术厅自治区主席科技资金项目(1517-06); 广西林科院基本科研业务费专项(林科201618号)。
作者简介:杨素华,女,工程师,研究方向为林产品、林化产品研究与开发。E-mail:ysh613@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-01-10