MENG Taotao,WU Yiqiang,LUO Jianju*.Aesthetic pattern analysis and application of Platanus acerifolia bark[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2018,3(01):141-147.[doi:10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.2018.01.023]





Aesthetic pattern analysis and application of Platanus acerifolia bark
1.中南林业科技大学材料科学与工程学院,长沙 410004;
2.广西大学林学院,南宁 530004
MENG Taotao1 WU Yiqiang1 LUO Jianju2*
1.College of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University of Forestry & Technology, Changsha 410004, China;
2.Forestry College of Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
悬铃木 树皮特征 木材美学 产品设计
Platanus acerifolia bark characteristics wood aesthetics product design
S784; TS664.9
悬铃木生长快、树形优美,多用作行道和园林绿化树种。开展悬铃木树皮美学属性的研究,以进一步发掘其美学利用价值。该研究从美学角度分析了不同树龄时期悬铃木树皮的美学特征,采用不同的构图方式创作出多种形式的美学图案,并将这些美学图案应用于服装、皮包、家具等产品的研发设计,获得3种悬铃木树皮美学应用的设计作品。研究结果表明,不同时期的悬铃木树皮外观特征存在较大差异:幼龄期树皮表面平滑,均匀分布着由皮孔与树皮射线形成的灰白色斑点; 老龄期树皮多为黄褐色,呈碎裂状条片层叠堆积。这两个时期的树皮图形单调,美学利用价值较低。成熟期的树皮多为绿褐色,凹凸不平的不规则形斑块构成丰富多变的图形,色彩丰富、层次分明、肌理粗犷朴实、构型奇异多样、线条流畅自然,是点、线、面的完美组合,具有很好的审美价值,可以作为美学素材应用于日用产品的美学设计。
With fast-growing and beautifully-shaped features, Platanus acerifolia is often used as a tree species for landscaping. This study investigated the aesthetic attributes of the bark of P. acerifolia, as well as its aesthetic value. Firstly, the aesthetic characteristics of the bark for different ages were analyzed from the aesthetic point of view. Then aesthetic patterns of various forms were created through different composition methods, which included the natural aesthetic pattern, the quartet continuous aesthetics pattern, the fractal geometrical aesthetic pattern and the fractal geometrical and quartet continuous aesthetic pattern. The created aesthetic patterns were used in the development and design of daily-use products, such as hand bags, clothes, furniture. The results showed that there were significant differences in the bark of P. oriental at different growth periods. The appearance of young P. acerifolia bark was smooth and evenly covered with gray-white spots formed by lenticels and bark rays evenly distributed. The appearance of old P. acerifolia bark was yellow-brown and covered with broken pieces. The patterns in these two periods were monotonous and the aesthetic value was low. The appearance of mature P. acerifolia bark was greenish-brown, with irregular patches on the surface, meandering lines between adjacent patches, and gray-white spots of lenticels and bark rays. The mature bark was rich in color, distinct in hierarchy, rugged and simple in texture, varied in configuration, smooth and natural in line, which was perfect combination of points, lines, and faces. The mature bark of P. acerifolia provided numerous elemental sources for the aesthetic patterns with great aesthetic value, which could be used as special materials in aesthetic design of daily-use products.


[1] 许明录, 卢洋, 罗永光,等. 二球悬铃木的国内外研究进展[J]. 河南科技学院学报(自然科学版),2013,41(2):64-69.
XU M L, LU Y, LUO Y G, et al. Research progress on Platanus acerifolia in home and abroad[J]. Journal of Henan Institute of Science and Technology, 2013,41(2): 64-69.
[2] 利顺欣. 悬铃木的开发利用研究[J]. 时珍国医国药, 2007, 18(5): 1279-1280.
LI S X. Study on the development and utilization of Platanus acerifolia[J]. Li Shi Zhen Medicine andMateria Medica Research, 2007, 18(5): 1279-1280.
[3] 翟美珠, 郭海鹏, 代晓芳. 悬铃木在园林中的应用价值[J]. 中小企业管理与科技, 2012(10): 101-102.
ZHAI M Z, GUO H P, DAI X F. The application value of Platanus acerifolia in garden[J]. Management & Technology of SME, 2012(10): 101-102.
[4] 吕述娟. 审美图案中的具象与抽象造型[J].艺术生活, 2010, 2010(4): 55-58.
LYU S J. Study on the concrete and abstract modeling of aesthetic patterns[J]. Art & Life, 2010, 2010(4): 55-58.
[5] 郑义海,罗建举. 基于分形几何的木材超微构造美学图案设计与应用[J]. 福建林学院学报, 2014,34(2): 189-192.
ZHEN Y H, LUO J J. Design and application of wood structure aesthetic patterns from ultramicroscopicstructure of wood based on fractal geometry[J]. Journal of Fujian College of Forestry, 2014,34(2): 189-192.
[6] 于超. 基于分形的艺术图案生成方法的研究与应用[D]. 济南: 山东师范大学, 2007.
YU C. Research and applications of the artistic graphics generation method based on fractal theory[D]. Jinan: Shandong Normal University, 2007.
[7] 刘艾琳. 论3DMAX软件在计算机效果图中的应用[J]. 无线互联科技, 2014(1): 130.
LIU A L. Research on the application of 3DMAX software in computer effect diagram[J]. Wireless Internet Technology, 2014(1): 130.
[8] LEV-YADUM S, ALONI R. Wound-induced periderm tubers in the bark of Melia azedarach, Ficus sycomorus and Platanus acerifolia[J]. IAWA Bull, 1991, 12: 62-67.
[9] 秦世立, 马冬梅. 树皮形态与解剖构造的研究[J]. 辽宁林业科技, 2002(4):11-13.
QIN S L, MA D M. Studies on bark morphology and anatomical structure[J]. Journal of Liaoning Forestry Science & Technology, 2002(4): 11-13.
[10] 罗光裕, 王秀华, 杨东升,等. 桦木树皮结构的研究[J]. 东北林业大学学报,1994(3):23-31.
LUO G Y, WANG X H, YANG D S, et al. Study on bark structure of Birch[J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 1994(3): 23-31.
[11] 刘喜明, 陈瑞英, 卢景龙,等. 巨尾桉人工林脱落树皮结构分析[J]. 福建农林大学学报(自然科学版),2011,40(6): 602-605.
LIU X M, CHEN R Y, LU J L, et al. Study on abscission bark formation process and mechanism of Eucalyptus grandis×E. urophylla[J]. Journal of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University(Natural Science Edition),2011,40(6): 602-605.
[12] 赵婷黠. 从服饰回归自然反观大众审美的变化趋势[J]. 新西部(理论版), 2012(26/27): 143,154.
ZHAO T J. The changing trend of popular aesthetics from the return of clothing to the natural beauty[J]. New West, 2012(26/27): 143,154.
[13] 邹紫叶, 李雪梅. 当代箱包设计的新焦点——面料图案分析研究[J]. 设计, 2016(1): 126-127.
ZHOU Z Y, LI X M. The new focus of bag design in the contemporary era—analysis and research of fabric pattern[J]. Design, 2016(1):126-127.
[14] 栗嘉忻. 箱包产品艺术设计研究[D]. 长春: 吉林大学, 2009.
[15] 赵桂娟. 家居布艺在室内空间设计中的审美性研究[J]. 美术教育研究, 2016(3): 99.
ZHAO G J. Study on the aesthetics of home cloth in interior space design[J]. Art Education Research, 2016(3): 99.
[16] 李艳云. 浅析家居布艺装饰的特性[J]. 大众文艺,2012(20): 42.
LI Y Y. Study on the characteristics of home cloth decoration[J]. Popular Literature,2012(20): 42.


收稿日期:2017-06-02 修回日期:2017-08-15
作者简介:孟陶陶,女,研究方向为木材美学。通信作者:罗建举,男,教授。E-mail: luojianju@foxmail.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-01-10