[1]朱云,申黎明*.面向用户装配的实木家具榫卯结构设计[J].林业工程学报,2018,3(03):142-148.[doi:10.13360/j.Issn.2096-1359.2018.03.023]
 ZHU Yun,SHEN Liming*.Design for user assembly mortise and tenon structure in solid wood furniture[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2018,3(03):142-148.[doi:10.13360/j.Issn.2096-1359.2018.03.023]
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面向用户装配的实木家具榫卯结构设计()
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《林业工程学报》[ISSN:1001-8081/CN:32-1160/S]

卷:
3
期数:
2018年03期
页码:
142-148
栏目:
家具制造工程
出版日期:
2018-05-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Design for user assembly mortise and tenon structure in solid wood furniture
文章编号:
2096-1359(2018)03-0142-07
作者:
朱云1申黎明2*
1.惠州学院,广东 惠州 516007;
2.南京林业大学家居与工业设计学院,南京 210037
Author(s):
ZHU Yun1 SHEN Liming2*
1.Huizhou University, Huizhou 516007, Guangdong, China;
2.College of Furnishings and Industrial Design, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
关键词:
榫卯结构 可装配设计 实木家具 接合 可拆卸
Keywords:
mortise and tenon structure(MTS) design for user assemble solid wood furniture(SWF) joint disassembly
分类号:
TS664.01
DOI:
10.13360/j.Issn.2096-1359.2018.03.023
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
面向用户的可装配性设计是当前产品设计的一个主流趋势,也是实木家具榫卯设计的一个重要内容。通过分析实木家具榫卯特色及用户装配需求,指出了榫卯结构的优势与局限,并在此基础上提出了可装配性榫卯设计的主要原则和要求,随后通过借鉴现代设计理念,阐述了装配性榫卯结构的减量化、通用化、标准化及模块化等设计方法。最后结合案例,从榫卯类别和接合方式的角度,系统论证了可装配性榫卯结构的具体条件和做法,并给出了相关改进建议。将可装配理念和实木家具榫卯结构相融合,不仅可以提高实木家具的整体效益,适应现代生产生活方式变革,还能有机传承我国传统家具文化,推动传统榫卯结构的现代更新,甚至对其他产品结构的未来设计也能提供方法指导和经验借鉴。
Abstract:
Design for user assembly(DFUA)is a mainstream trend of the current product design, and also an important part of the design of solid wood furniture(SWF). By analyzing the characteristics of the SWF and user assembly requirements, this study pointed out the advantages and limitations of the mortise and tenon structure(MTS)and put forward the main assembly principles and requirements of the MTS as follows: 1)reliable mechanical strength of tenon joints; 2)strict tenon joints technical index; 3)easy assembly and disassembly; 4)being able secondary- and multiple-times assembly; and 5)reasonable assembly and disassembly procedures. Then, by drawing on the modern design concept, it expounded the design methods of the MTS for reduction, generalization, standardization, modularization, etc. Finally, with some case studies, from the perspective of mortise and tenon joint type and joint technique, it analyzed the concrete practice of the assembly of the MTS, and provided some suggestions for improvement. In solid wood furniture, there are many structures to be disassembled, but these usually cannot be completed by user themselves. From the point of tenons and parts, there are two main types of mortise and tenon joint categories, namely, the whole tenon and the split tenon. In terms of the mortise and joints, there are several kinds of tenons which can effectively improve the efficiency of the users' assembly, such as lap type of the MTS, bayonet type of the MTS, self-locking type of the MTS, plug-in type of the MTS, chip type of the MTS. Especially, some of innovative MTS, such as fastening type of the MTS and replacement type of the MTS, which will help to modernize the structure of solid wood furniture. The integration of the assembly concepts and the SWF could not only improve the overall benefit of the SWF and adapt to the change of the modern production and lifestyle, but also inherit the traditional furniture culture of China, promote the modern renewal of the traditional moron structure, and provide the DFUA guidance and experience for the solid wood future design and application.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-07-19 修回日期:2017-09-05
基金项目:国家林业局合作项目(2012-53); 广东省哲学社会科学规划项目(GD15YYS06); 广东省非物质文化遗产研究基地开放基金资助课题(650406); 惠州学院教授博士科研启动资助课题(2017JB002); 广东石油化工学院2016年度博士启动资助课题(660494)。
作者简介:朱云,男,副教授,研究方向为家具设计与室内设计。通信作者:申黎明,男,教授。E-mail:shenlimingda@hotmai
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-05-15