[1]崔蒙蒙,吴智慧*,李兴畅.打磨方式对上蜡硬木家具表面装饰性能的影响[J].林业工程学报,2018,3(03):155-160.[doi:10.13360/j.Issn.2096-1359.2018.03.025]
 CUI Mengmeng,WU Zhihui*,LI Xingchang.Effect of polishing method on surface decorative properties of waxed hardwood furniture[J].Journal of Forestry Engineering,2018,3(03):155-160.[doi:10.13360/j.Issn.2096-1359.2018.03.025]
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打磨方式对上蜡硬木家具表面装饰性能的影响()
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《林业工程学报》[ISSN:1001-8081/CN:32-1160/S]

卷:
3
期数:
2018年03期
页码:
155-160
栏目:
家具制造工程
出版日期:
2018-05-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of polishing method on surface decorative properties of waxed hardwood furniture
文章编号:
2096-1359(2018)03-0155-06
作者:
崔蒙蒙1吴智慧1*李兴畅2
1.南京林业大学家居与工业设计学院,南京 210037;
2.中山市太兴家具有限公司,广东 中山 528400
Author(s):
CUI Mengmeng1WU Zhihui1*LI Xingchang2
1.College of Furnishings and Industrial Design, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China;
2.Zhongshan Taixing Furniture Co.Ltd., Zhongshan 528400, Guangdong, China
关键词:
硬木家具 打磨方式 上蜡家具 表面性能
Keywords:
hardwood furniture polishing method waxed furniture surface performance
分类号:
TQ352
DOI:
10.13360/j.Issn.2096-1359.2018.03.025
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
刮刀刮磨与砂纸砂磨是现代硬木家具制作的两种打磨方式,为合理利用两种打磨方式,以大果紫檀为基材,对打磨后的白坯表面进行了表面粗糙度及微观形貌的比较分析; 并以光身烫蜡、溶剂型漆托蜡与水性漆托蜡为表面涂饰方法,以表面粗糙度、光泽、纹理变化、附着力及耐光性为评定因素,结合环境扫描电镜观察,探究刮刀刮磨与砂纸砂磨所得上蜡家具表面性能的异同点。结果表明:刮刀刮磨所得白坯表面粗糙度与600#砂纸砂磨所得一致,均小于240#砂纸砂磨的; 刮刀刮磨的上蜡材表面粗糙度显著大于砂纸砂磨的。砂纸砂磨与刮刀刮磨在光身烫蜡材的横纹及顺纹光泽中均存在显著差异,溶剂型漆托蜡材只有顺纹光泽存在显著差异。砂纸砂磨与刮刀刮磨在光身烫蜡的木材纹理参数变化中存在显著差异。两种打磨方式均可使上蜡涂层获得优良的附着力。光照后两种打磨方式的水性漆托蜡材的色差有显著差异; 光身烫蜡材只有顺纹光泽存在显著差异,溶剂型漆托蜡材的顺纹及横纹光泽均存在显著差异。
Abstract:
Both scraping and sanding are used for polishing hardwood furniture. In order to use these two methods(namely, scraping and sanding)properly, this study evaluated the surface roughness and anatomical features of Burma padauk(Pterocarpus macarocarpus)after polishing. To analyze the effects of scraping and sanding on the surface performance of the waxed wooden furniture, the surface roughness, gloss, texture changes, adhesion and photo-stability of Burma padauk were measured after the direct waxing process and paint-supporting waxing process(both solvent based paint and water based paint)separately. The environment scanning electron microscope(ESEM)was used to observe the surface morphology of the waxed wood. The results showed that: 1)the surface roughness of the scraping and 600 grit sanding were almost equal, and the surface roughness after the 240 grit sanding was significantly greater than that of the scraping and 600 grit sanding; the surface roughness of the waxed wood by scraping was significantly greater than that by sanding; 2)the gloss of direct waxed wood by scraping measured both parallel to grain and perpendicular to grain were significantly greater than those by sanding, but the gloss of solvent-based paint-supporting waxed wood by scraping measured only parallel to grain were significantly greater than that by sanding; 3)the texture changes of the direct waxed wood by scraping was significantly different compared with that by sanding; 4)both methods own excellent adhesion for all the waxed wood samples; 5)color changes of the water-based paint-supporting waxed wood by two polishing methods presented significant different performances based upon irradiation; after the irradiation, the gloss of the direct waxed wood by scraping measured only parallel to grain were significantly greater than that by sanding, but the gloss of the solvent-based paint-supporting waxed wood by scraping measured both parallel to grain and perpendicular to grain were significantly greater than those by sanding.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-10-19 修回日期:2017-12-21
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2016YFD0600704); 2016年度江苏省普通高校学术学位研究生科研创新计划项目(KYZZ16_0321); 江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(PAPD)。
作者简介:崔蒙蒙,女,研究方向为家具设计与工程。通信作者:吴智慧,男,教授。E-mail:wzh550@sina.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-05-15